Rising rents mean young people are less likely to move to UK cities where average salaries are higher, a report indicates.
The number of young people in private rented accommodation who moved for a new job has almost halved in 20 years.
Despite the higher wages available, financial incentives for moving are lower, say researchers.
"Pay gains are being swallowed up by high housing costs," said Lindsay Judge of the Resolution Foundation.
"For young people in particular, there are real advantages to moving when it comes to trying new roles and developing skills - and housing should not be a barrier that prevents them doing this."
Although unemployment has fallen, the Resolution Foundation found that rents had climbed the fastest in higher-paying areas of the UK.
Private rents have risen by almost 90% in the UK's highest-paying local authority areas, while rents have increased by just over 70% among the lowest-paying local authority areas.
In 1997, after housing costs were deducted from salaries, private renters moving from a low-paying area such as East Devon to a mid-paying area such as Bristol would have received an average financial gain of about 16%.
Today, the financial gain would be a mere 1%.Housing organisations recommend spending no more than 30% of your salary on rent. The average rent of a 1-bedroom home exceeds this for twenty-somethings in two-thirds of Britain. Enter first half of postcode Select age range 22-29 All ages Select number of bedrooms 1 bed 2 beds 3 beds 4 beds Reset map + - map-legend No data % 30 40 75 50 100+
Of course, millennials and the so-called "Generation Z" have other reasons for not moving apart from money.
Some people prefer to live near to their parents and friends, while others might find it harder to relocate because of their children.
'I won't move to London'
Paul Walker, 26, is an archaeologist living in Nottingham.
"Wages are no longer reflecting the true cost of living, even with the salary being scaled up for London," he told the BBC.
"There is no way I can pursue my profession anywhere but up North, if I also want to have any savings or a life outside of my job."
Mr Walker said that although commercial archaeological contractors across the UK offered more attractive salaries than academic institutions and private foundations, the salaries were not enticing enough to make him want to move down South.
"I'd be essentially taking home less money every month, meaning there is zero chance of me ever becoming a home owner," he added.Where can you afford to live? Try our housing calculator to see where you could rent or buy This interactive content requires an internet connection and a modern browser. View affordability data by UK region View affordability data by local authority area Do you want to buy or rent? Buy Rent How many bedrooms? Use the buttons to increase or decrease the number of bedrooms: minimum one, maximum four. Alternatively, enter a number into the text input Decrease number of bedrooms Enter number of bedrooms 1 Increase number of bedrooms How much is your deposit? Enter your deposit below or adjust the deposit amount using the slider The national average is More about deposits Enter deposit amount £ Adjust deposit amount Info Return to 'How much is your deposit?' This calculator assumes you need a deposit of at least 5% of the value of the property to get a mortgage. The average deposit for UK first-time buyers is . How much can you pay monthly? Enter your monthly payment below or adjust the payment amount using the slider The national average is More about monthly payments Enter monthly payment amount £ Adjust monthly payment amount Info Return to 'How much can you pay monthly?' Your monthly payments are what you can afford to pay each month. Think about your monthly income and take off bills, council tax and living expenses. The average rent figure is for England and Wales. Your results - Amount of the United Kingdom that has housing you can afford Range of affordable areas includes: Armagh City, Banbridge and Craigavon and Belfast No affordable areas Explore the map in detail below Search the UK for more details about a local area Search for counties No data low (£) high (£££) Affordable Unaffordable What does affordable mean? You have a big enough deposit and your monthly payments are high enough. The prices are based on the local market. If there are 100 properties of the right size in an area and they are placed in price order with the cheapest first, the “low-end” of the market will be the 25th property, "mid-priced" is the 50th and "high-end” will be the 75th.
Are you a young person who has been put off moving to a city for higher-paid work because of high rents? Share your experiences by emailing [email protected]
Please include a contact number if you are willing to speak to a BBC journalist. You can also contact us in the following ways:WhatsApp: +447555 173285 Tweet: @BBC HaveYourSay Send pictures/video to [email protected] Send an SMS or MMS to 61124 or +44 7624 800 100 Please read our and